Mesothelioma Stages | 4 Stages
Mesothelioma Stages :
stage 1 :
Initially, tumor growth is within a single area.
The prognosis and life expectancy of stage 1 mesothelioma is significantly better than later stages.
It is difficult to catch the cancer this early because people with this stage do not usually experience symptoms.
The tumor is localize to the mesothelioma lining and has not spread.
Aggressive treatments are typically an option, and patients have an average life expectancy of 21 months or longer.
Stage 1 Treatment
Cytoreductive surgery is typically the recommended course of treatment for stage 1 mesothelioma patients, and can typically be aggressive to address as much of the cancer as possible, such as with an extrapleural pneumonectomy or pleurectomy/decortication.
Other common treatments include hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for peritoneal mesothelioma patients, as well as intravenous chemotherapy drugs like pemetrexed and cisplatin or radiation therapy.
Most mesothelioma patients do not experience symptoms at stage 1. At this stage, tumors are too small to cause pain or breathing difficulties.
stage 2 :
Indicates that tumors are beginning to spread beyond the mesothelial lining and into lymph nodes.
Tumors remain small enough to be remove by surgery, which positively impacts life expectancy.
The cancer has spread to nearby organs, such as the lung or diaphragm. Treatment options may still be aggressive, and life expectancy is around 19 months or less.
Stage 2 Treatment
Patients with stage 2 mesothelioma typically have a wide range of treatment options available to them.
Multimodal treatment is common, consisting of a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation, but may not be an option for all patients.
Surgical resection may depend on any nearby metastasis and patient health.
Stage 2 pleural mesothelioma symptoms, such as difficulty breathing during exercise or a mild cough, may resemble the common cold.
Peritoneal patients may lose weight or feel bloated. It is generally rare for symptoms to appear in stage 2.
Symptoms usually arise in stage 3.
stage 3 :
Once the cancer progresses to stage 3, it may have spread to several tissues, organs and lymph nodes in the same region of the body where it formed.
Some stage 3 patients qualify for surgery depending upon the size and location of tumors.
Cancer cells have spread to nearby tissues, lymph nodes and organs. Treatment options are limited, and average life expectancy is around 16 months.
Stage 3 Treatment
So the Treatment options for stage 3 mesothelioma patients are primarily palliative and focused on providing prolongation of life and improving quality of life.
Systemic chemotherapy may be used to kill cancer cells, while radiation might be use to shrink tumors to relieve pressure on internal organs.
Minor surgical procedures such as pleurocentesis or paracentesis are often used to drain fluid buildup and alleviate symptoms like difficulty breathing and chest or abdominal pain.
Stage 3 pleural symptoms include difficulty breathing, dry cough, wheezing and chest pain.
Peritoneal patients develop constipation or diarrhea, abdominal pain and bloating. Both types may experience weight loss, fever and night sweats.
stage 4 :
Cancer has spread throughout the area where it first developed and possibly to other parts of the body. Cancer could be present in the liver, brain, bones or elsewhere.
Tumor-removing surgery is not use at this stage. Minimally invasive surgeries may be use to control symptoms.
Thus, The cancer has spread to nearby and distant organs, tissues and lymph nodes. Treatment options are limited, and the average life expectancy is around one year.
Stage 4 Treatment
Treatment plans for stage 4 patients are primarily composed of palliative treatments, aimed to prolong life and improve quality of life.
Systemic chemotherapy may be used to kill cancer cells, while radiation might be used to shrink tumors to relieve pressure on internal organs.
So, Minor surgical procedures, such as pleurocentesis or paracentesis, are often used to drain fluid buildup and alleviate symptoms like difficulty breathing and chest or abdominal pain.
Stage 4 pleural symptoms include extreme difficulty breathing, trouble swallowing and severe chest pain.
Peritoneal symptoms include constant digestive problems, swelling of the abdomen, bowel obstruction and difficulty breathing or swallowing.
Both types may experience loss of appetite, weight loss, muscle weakness, nerve pain, night sweats, fever and fatigue.
So,In this article we learn about Mesothelioma stages in brief with it’s symptoms and treatments.
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